跟着实例学习ZooKeeper的用法: Curator扩展库

目录 [−]

  1. 服务类
  2. 发现中心
  3. 其它扩展

还记得Curator提供哪几个组件吗? 我们不妨回顾一下:

  • Recipes
  • Framework
  • Utilities
  • Client
  • Errors
  • Extensions

前面的例子其实前五个组件都涉及到了, 比如Utilities例子的TestServer, Client里的CuratorZookeeperClient, Errors里的ConnectionStateListener等。 还有最后一个组件我们还没有介绍,那就是Curator扩展组件。

Recipes组件包含了丰富的Curator应用的组件。 但是这些并不是ZooKeeper Recipe的全部。 大量的分布式应用已经抽象出了许许多多的的Recipe,其中有些还是可以通过Curator来实现。
如果不断都将这些Recipe都增加到Recipes中, Recipes会变得越来越大。 为了避免这种状况, Curator把一些其它的Recipe放在单独的包中, 命名方式就是curator-x-,比如curator-x-discovery, curator-x-rpc。
本文就是介绍curator-x-discovery。

这是一个服务发现的Recipe。
我们在介绍临时节点Ephemeral Node的时候就讲到, 可以通过临时节点创建一个服务注册机制。 服务启动后创建临时节点, 服务断掉后临时节点就不存在了。 这个扩展抽象了这种功能,听过了一套API,可以实现服务发现机制。

服务类

我们先介绍一下例子中的服务类。
InstanceDetails定义了服务实例的基本信息,实际中可能会定义更详细的信息。

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package com.colobu.zkrecipe.discovery;
import org.codehaus.jackson.map.annotate.JsonRootName;
/**
* In a real application, the Service payload will most likely be more detailed
* than this. But, this gives a good example.
*/
@JsonRootName("details")
public class InstanceDetails {
private String description;
public InstanceDetails() {
this("");
}
public InstanceDetails(String description) {
this.description = description;
}
public void setDescription(String description) {
this.description = description;
}
public String getDescription() {
return description;
}
}

ExampleServer相当与你在分布式环境中的服务应用。 每个服务应用实例都类似这个类, 应用启动时调用start, 关闭时调用close。

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package com.colobu.zkrecipe.discovery;
import java.io.Closeable;
import java.io.IOException;
import org.apache.curator.framework.CuratorFramework;
import org.apache.curator.utils.CloseableUtils;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.ServiceDiscovery;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.ServiceDiscoveryBuilder;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.ServiceInstance;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.UriSpec;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.details.JsonInstanceSerializer;
/**
* This shows a very simplified method of registering an instance with the
* service discovery. Each individual instance in your distributed set of
* applications would create an instance of something similar to ExampleServer,
* start it when the application comes up and close it when the application
* shuts down.
*/
public class ExampleServer implements Closeable {
private final ServiceDiscovery<InstanceDetails> serviceDiscovery;
private final ServiceInstance<InstanceDetails> thisInstance;
public ExampleServer(CuratorFramework client, String path, String serviceName, String description) throws Exception {
// in a real application, you'd have a convention of some kind for the
// URI layout
UriSpec uriSpec = new UriSpec("{scheme}://foo.com:{port}");
thisInstance = ServiceInstance.<InstanceDetails> builder().name(serviceName).payload(new InstanceDetails(description))
.port((int) (65535 * Math.random())) // in a real application,
// you'd use a common
// port
.uriSpec(uriSpec).build();
// if you mark your payload class with @JsonRootName the provided
// JsonInstanceSerializer will work
JsonInstanceSerializer<InstanceDetails> serializer = new JsonInstanceSerializer<InstanceDetails>(InstanceDetails.class);
serviceDiscovery = ServiceDiscoveryBuilder.builder(InstanceDetails.class).client(client).basePath(path).serializer(serializer)
.thisInstance(thisInstance).build();
}
public ServiceInstance<InstanceDetails> getThisInstance() {
return thisInstance;
}
public void start() throws Exception {
serviceDiscovery.start();
}
@Override
public void close() throws IOException {
CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(serviceDiscovery);
}
}

发现中心

DiscoveryExample提供了增加,删除,显示,注册已有的服务的功能。
注意此处服务注册是由ExampleServer自己完成的, 这比较符合实际的情况。 实际情况是服务自己起来后主动注册服务。 但是此处启动又是由DiscoveryExample来调用, 纯粹为了演示使用。 你可以根据你自己的情况合理安排服务的注册和启动。

random命令提供了一个完全由DiscoveryExample控制的服务。 它负责注册一个服务并启动。

调用close就关闭了服务。

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package com.colobu.zkrecipe.discovery;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import org.apache.curator.framework.CuratorFramework;
import org.apache.curator.framework.CuratorFrameworkFactory;
import org.apache.curator.retry.ExponentialBackoffRetry;
import org.apache.curator.test.TestingServer;
import org.apache.curator.utils.CloseableUtils;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.ServiceDiscovery;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.ServiceDiscoveryBuilder;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.ServiceInstance;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.ServiceProvider;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.details.JsonInstanceSerializer;
import org.apache.curator.x.discovery.strategies.RandomStrategy;
import com.google.common.base.Predicate;
import com.google.common.collect.Iterables;
import com.google.common.collect.Lists;
import com.google.common.collect.Maps;
public class DiscoveryExample {
private static final String PATH = "/discovery/example";
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
// This method is scaffolding to get the example up and running
TestingServer server = new TestingServer();
CuratorFramework client = null;
ServiceDiscovery<InstanceDetails> serviceDiscovery = null;
Map<String, ServiceProvider<InstanceDetails>> providers = Maps.newHashMap();
try {
client = CuratorFrameworkFactory.newClient(server.getConnectString(), new ExponentialBackoffRetry(1000, 3));
client.start();
JsonInstanceSerializer<InstanceDetails> serializer = new JsonInstanceSerializer<InstanceDetails>(InstanceDetails.class);
serviceDiscovery = ServiceDiscoveryBuilder.builder(InstanceDetails.class).client(client).basePath(PATH).serializer(serializer).build();
serviceDiscovery.start();
processCommands(serviceDiscovery, providers, client);
} finally {
for (ServiceProvider<InstanceDetails> cache : providers.values()) {
CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(cache);
}
CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(serviceDiscovery);
CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(client);
CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(server);
}
}
private static void processCommands(ServiceDiscovery<InstanceDetails> serviceDiscovery, Map<String, ServiceProvider<InstanceDetails>> providers,
CuratorFramework client) throws Exception {
// More scaffolding that does a simple command line processor
printHelp();
List<ExampleServer> servers = Lists.newArrayList();
try {
BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
boolean done = false;
while (!done) {
System.out.print("> ");
String line = in.readLine();
if (line == null) {
break;
}
String command = line.trim();
String[] parts = command.split("\\s");
if (parts.length == 0) {
continue;
}
String operation = parts[0];
String args[] = Arrays.copyOfRange(parts, 1, parts.length);
if (operation.equalsIgnoreCase("help") || operation.equalsIgnoreCase("?")) {
printHelp();
} else if (operation.equalsIgnoreCase("q") || operation.equalsIgnoreCase("quit")) {
done = true;
} else if (operation.equals("add")) {
addInstance(args, client, command, servers);
} else if (operation.equals("delete")) {
deleteInstance(args, command, servers);
} else if (operation.equals("random")) {
listRandomInstance(args, serviceDiscovery, providers, command);
} else if (operation.equals("list")) {
listInstances(serviceDiscovery);
}
}
} finally {
for (ExampleServer server : servers) {
CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(server);
}
}
}
private static void listRandomInstance(String[] args, ServiceDiscovery<InstanceDetails> serviceDiscovery,
Map<String, ServiceProvider<InstanceDetails>> providers, String command) throws Exception {
// this shows how to use a ServiceProvider
// in a real application you'd create the ServiceProvider early for the
// service(s) you're interested in
if (args.length != 1) {
System.err.println("syntax error (expected random <name>): " + command);
return;
}
String serviceName = args[0];
ServiceProvider<InstanceDetails> provider = providers.get(serviceName);
if (provider == null) {
provider = serviceDiscovery.serviceProviderBuilder().serviceName(serviceName).providerStrategy(new RandomStrategy<InstanceDetails>()).build();
providers.put(serviceName, provider);
provider.start();
Thread.sleep(2500); // give the provider time to warm up - in a real
// application you wouldn't need to do this
}
ServiceInstance<InstanceDetails> instance = provider.getInstance();
if (instance == null) {
System.err.println("No instances named: " + serviceName);
} else {
outputInstance(instance);
}
}
private static void listInstances(ServiceDiscovery<InstanceDetails> serviceDiscovery) throws Exception {
// This shows how to query all the instances in service discovery
try {
Collection<String> serviceNames = serviceDiscovery.queryForNames();
System.out.println(serviceNames.size() + " type(s)");
for (String serviceName : serviceNames) {
Collection<ServiceInstance<InstanceDetails>> instances = serviceDiscovery.queryForInstances(serviceName);
System.out.println(serviceName);
for (ServiceInstance<InstanceDetails> instance : instances) {
outputInstance(instance);
}
}
} finally {
CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(serviceDiscovery);
}
}
private static void outputInstance(ServiceInstance<InstanceDetails> instance) {
System.out.println("\t" + instance.getPayload().getDescription() + ": " + instance.buildUriSpec());
}
private static void deleteInstance(String[] args, String command, List<ExampleServer> servers) {
// simulate a random instance going down
// in a real application, this would occur due to normal operation, a
// crash, maintenance, etc.
if (args.length != 1) {
System.err.println("syntax error (expected delete <name>): " + command);
return;
}
final String serviceName = args[0];
ExampleServer server = Iterables.find(servers, new Predicate<ExampleServer>() {
@Override
public boolean apply(ExampleServer server) {
return server.getThisInstance().getName().endsWith(serviceName);
}
}, null);
if (server == null) {
System.err.println("No servers found named: " + serviceName);
return;
}
servers.remove(server);
CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(server);
System.out.println("Removed a random instance of: " + serviceName);
}
private static void addInstance(String[] args, CuratorFramework client, String command, List<ExampleServer> servers) throws Exception {
// simulate a new instance coming up
// in a real application, this would be a separate process
if (args.length < 2) {
System.err.println("syntax error (expected add <name> <description>): " + command);
return;
}
StringBuilder description = new StringBuilder();
for (int i = 1; i < args.length; ++i) {
if (i > 1) {
description.append(' ');
}
description.append(args[i]);
}
String serviceName = args[0];
ExampleServer server = new ExampleServer(client, PATH, serviceName, description.toString());
servers.add(server);
server.start();
System.out.println(serviceName + " added");
}
private static void printHelp() {
System.out.println("An example of using the ServiceDiscovery APIs. This example is driven by entering commands at the prompt:\n");
System.out.println("add <name> <description>: Adds a mock service with the given name and description");
System.out.println("delete <name>: Deletes one of the mock services with the given name");
System.out.println("list: Lists all the currently registered services");
System.out.println("random <name>: Lists a random instance of the service with the given name");
System.out.println("quit: Quit the example");
System.out.println();
}
}

其它扩展

其它两个扩展Curator RPC Proxy(curator-x-rpc)扩展和Service Discovery Server(curator-x-discovery-server)是为了桥接非Java应用的扩展,本系列将不再介绍了。感兴趣的朋友可以看下面的文档。
Curator Service Discovery
Curator RPC Proxy

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